Frequent Defects in Iron Castings

An unwelcome abnormality at a metal casting process could bring about a casting flaw. We list out a few of the typical flaws of iron castings.

Air Hole

Horizontal holes of varying dimensions look on iron castings once the molding sand has high water content, no appropriate venting, once the mold is poured too quickly, etc.


Scattered contraction

You’ll come across cavities most frequently at a 90-degree angle to the casting surface. The casting flaw in iron parts is usually brought on by irregularities in nitrogen or carbon content in the melt.

Projections in the breakup line

This occur when metal gets to the clearance between the upper and underside of the metal casting mold halves. To steer clear of projections that the alloy caster must take additional caution through routine, mold and core making.


Shrinkage is frequently seen in section positions of castings. It’ll have an irregular shape with holes that are tempered. The flaw is a result of imperfect gating procedure or when the riser is too tiny. Shrinkage may also occur when the pouring temperature is too large.


Sand holes, that can be sand filled holes in the exterior or interior of iron castings, are a generally seen flaw. This is also called the method Sand Testing. This flaw can occur when the sand isn’t of the appropriate strength.

Staggered box

Staggered box induces the staggered positions in the fracture line of their castings. The staggered box is a result of the wrong location of the greatest sandbox and down sandbox. The sandboxes must be emptied properly to prevent the flaw.

Sticky sand

The outside of iron castings is combined firmly by sand, which is exactly what makes it a rough look. Sticky sand is due when there is inadequate sand to withstand fire. Like most of the other common flaws, this flaw occurs when the pouring temperature is too large.

Axial Shrinkage

Axial shrinkage occurs when the metal in the middle of the cast takes more time to suspend compared to the metal encircling it. This flaw is chiefly brought on by irregular casting depth. Pouring speed and temperature, and metal clarity may also result in this flaw.